Therefore, again, I would like to say, at this random time, ‘thank you’ to those who serve our country and help us maintain the society that we live in, however, I would like to ‘honor’ those who have made that ‘ultimate sacrifice’ for us…and say ‘thank you’ to their families for ‘permitting’ them to do so.
I’ve recently done considerable research into our Armed Forces and the ‘statistics’ related to our members of the military since the Second Continental Congress in 1775. Interesting information which I will share today…
About 40 million individuals have served in the armed forces between 1776 and 2012: Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard. The President of the United States is the military head of the armed forces and helps form policy with the Department of Defense.
One must be 17 years of age with parental consent to join the armed forces and 18 for voluntary enlistment. The maximum age for enlistment is Army, 35; Marines, 28; Navy, 34; Air Force, 39 and Coast Guard, 27.
The armed forces’ budget for 2015 was $597 billion, which is 3.3% of the United States GDP.
Even though a sense of national unity and identity was forged as a result of victory in the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War (how many of those reading this know anything about the Barbary Wars???), the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force. It played an important role in the American Civil War, continuing to serve as the Armed Forces of the federal government, although a number of its officers resigned to join the Confederate Army and Navy. Not until the outbreak of World War II did a large standing army become officially established.
The largest Air Force in the world is the U.S. Air Force and the world’s second largest air forces is the U.S. Navy and the Marine Corps combines.
The President and the Secretary of Defense basically oversea the projected active duty end strength in the armed forces for FY 2017 of 1,281,900 people with an additional 801,200 people in the seven (7) reserve components. As stated, at present, it is an all-volunteer military, but conscription through the Selective Service system can be enacted at the President’s request and Congress’ approval. All males ages 18 through 25 who are living in the United States are required to register with the Selective Service for a potential future draft.
The U.S. military is the world’s second largest, after China’s People’s Liberation Army, and has troops deployed around the globe.
As noted above, the Fiscal Year 2017 DOD budget request plan calls for an active duty end strength of 1,281,900, a decrease of 19,400 from the 2016 baseline as a result of decrements in the Army (15,000 fewer personnel) and Navy (4,400 fewer personnel) strength. The budget request also calls for a reserve component end strength of 801,200, a decrease of 9,800 personnel.
As in most militaries, members of the U.S. military hold a rank, either that of officer, warrant (technical) or enlisted in order to determine seniority and eligibility for promotion. Those who have served are known as veterans. Rank names may be different between services, but they are matched to each other by their corresponding paygrade. Officers who hold the same rank or paygrade are distinguished by their date of rank to determine seniority, whole officers who service in certain positions of office of importance set by law, outrank all other officers in active duty of the same rank and paygrade, regardless of their date of rank. Currently, only one in four (4) persons in the United States of the proper age meet the moral, academic and physical standards for military service.
Women joined the U.S. military in 1942 as nurses after Pearl Harbor….350,000 women served in World War II and 16 were killed in action. During the Korean War over 120,000 women served during the conflict and during the Vietnam War, 600 women served in the country as part of the Air Force, along with 500 members of the WAC and over 6,000 medical personnel and support staff.
In 1974, the first six (6) women aviator earned their wings as Navy pilots. Since the early 2000’s women can serve on American combat ships, including in command roles. They are permitted to serve on submarines. They are not permitted to participate in special forces programs such as Navy SEALs. As of December 2015, United States Defense Secretary, Ashton Carter, announced that all military combat jobs would become available to women.
As of this point in time, women can do anything in the military that men can do…as a feminist, I applaud this decision….however, as a mother, I wish there was no such thing as the word ‘war’ and I pray daily that somehow, peace will be found around this world of ours.
Please remember that if you would feel a need to have your work force evaluated, please contact Rosanne Bennett at firstname.lastname@example.org or 484-947-7063.
Please remember to thank our military personnel for their service. It insures that we continue to be one of the ‘lands’ of the free and the ‘homes’ of the brave.